The Search for
New Life in the Arctic Ocean
Scientist found a new marine life in the Arctic Ocean. It is found in a big, calm pool just north of Alaska that is
enclosed by steep ridges with frozen ice. This place is called the Canadian Basin.
Creatures in the 12,500 foot deep pool have been frozen in there for
millions of years. Scientists are saying that in time they will be able to find hundreds of new species in the basin like
living fossils. Scientists are also thinking that there will be unusual wildlife found here because the Canadian Basin is surrounded by steep high ridges and because of this wildlife would
have not been able to escape if they had fallen in. They then would have been trapped inside here for millions of years and
found Beneath Arctic Ocean
A number of volcanoes were found beneath the Arctic Ocean at Gakkel Ridge. Scientists expected very little volcanic activity
but found that the first samples and zone maps showed much more alive volcanoes.
are releasing more freshwater into the Arctic
Increased amounts of freshwater are getting released into the Arctic Ocean from the far North rivers and all of this is making changes to the Hydrologic cycle. This is due to more
precipitation caused by global warming.
are flowing faster
The amounts of fresh water that is coming into the Arctic Ocean from the fresh water rivers are making the rivers much faster. The
increase of speed in the rivers is caused by human activities and this is an early sign of climate change.
This is bad because the fresh water entering the Arctic Ocean could change global distribution of water. This could also alter the way the Gulf Stream
acts and could even effect the climate system.
Vents in Arctic Ocean
Marine scientists have found at least nine hydrothermal vents on the
Gakkel Ridge in the Arctic Ocean. Scientist said that they used to believe that there was only a few
that may have excised on the ridge, and that if there were any they would be difficult to locate and find.
These vents may have been made from the tectonic plats that spread about
one centimeter a year at Gakkel Ridge. These vents reach temperatures up to 350 degrees Celsius, and are rich in chemicals